Xylene is a clear colourless liquid aromatic hydrocarbon that is used across a variety of different applications. The flashpoint of xylene is 26ºC and the boiling range is 136-145ºC with a specific gravity of 0.87. Xylene is characterised as having high solvency with a mid-range evaporation rate. The versatility of xylene is used in formulations where boosted solvency power is required and to combine well with other solvents. Xylene is not soluble in water which means it will float on top if combined.
Xylene is a commonly used solvent that has many different uses with the industrial industry. Due to its good solvency, it is commonly found in many coating formulations where solvency power is required in order to combine organic compounds. Xylene can be used as a solvent in paint thinners, lubricant, silicone sealants, chemical reactions, adhesives and correction fluid. Xylene uses also including removing carpet and vinyl glue, used in chemical manufacturing, and is found in acrylic thinners. Xylene is frequently used in the waterproofing industry as well.
When using xylene it is important to take caution and use safety equipment such as safety goggles, chemical resistant gloves, and a chemical-resistant mask. There are acute effects of xylene when breathing it in such as dizziness, nausea, headaches and possibly vomiting.